A Christmas Carol first edition book

First edition cover.

A Christmas Carol is a novel written by Charles Dickens, first published by Chapman & Hall on December 19, 1843. The story tells of bitter and miserly Ebenezer Scrooge's ideological, ethical, and rather emotional transformation resulting from supernatural visits from Jacob Marley and the Ghosts of Christmas Past, Present, and Yet to Come.

Since its first publication, the story has been adapted for theatre, film, television, radio, and opera numerous times. The various adaptations have included straightforward retellings, modernizations, parodies and sequels.


Picture Production Year Protagonist Director

Theatrical films

Scrooge, or marley´s ghost Scrooge; or Marley's Ghost 1901 Daniel Smith Joe Breckenridge
James Sapulich
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1908 Thomas Ricketts Jason Smith
Christmas Carol 1910 A Christmas Carol 1910 Marc McDermott J. Searle Dawley
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1913 Sir Seymour Hicks Aphonse Smith
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1914 Charles Rock Harold M. Shaw
No Screenshot The Right to be Happy 1916 Rupert Julian Rupert Julian
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1922 H. V. Esmond George Wynn
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1923 Russell Thorndike Edwin Greenwood
No Screenshot Old Scrooge 1926 unknown Jacques Smith
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1928 Bransby Williams Hugh Croise
Scrooge 1935 Scrooge 1935 Sir Seymour Hicks Henry Edwards
Christmas carol 1938 A Christmas Carol 1938 Reginald Owen Edwin L. Marin
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1943 William Podmore George Lowther
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1947 John Carradine unknown
Title-Scrooge1951 Scrooge 1951 Alastair Sim Brian Desmond Hurst
Scrooge 1970 Scrooge 1970 Albert Finney Ronald Neame
Title-mickeyxmas Mickey's Christmas Carol 1983 Scrooge McDuck
(voiced by Alan Young)
Burny Mattinson
Title-scrooged Scrooged 1988 Bill Murray
(as Frank X. Cross)
Richard Donner
Title-muppetxmascarol The Muppet Christmas Carol 1992 Michael Caine Brian Henson
Christmas carol the movie Christmas Carol: The Movie 2001 Simon Callow Jimmy T. Murakami
Ballet carol The Northern Ballet Theatre presents A Christmas Carol 2005 Jeremy Kerridge
Title-DisneysAChristmasCarol A Christmas Carol 2009 voiced by Jim Carrey Robert Zemeckis

Television specials and made-for-TV movies

No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1948 Dennis King unknown
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1949 Taylor Holmes Arthur Pierson
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1950 Bransby Williams unknown
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1951 Ralph Richardson Gordon Duff
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1952 Malcolm Keen unknown
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1953 Noel Leslie unknown
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1954 Fredric March Ralph Levy
Stingiest Man in Town 1956 The Stingiest Man in Town 1956 Basil Rathbone Daniel Petrie
Janice Torre
No Screenshot The Trail to Christmas 1957 John McIntire James Stewart
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1958 Basil Rathbone Neil McGuire
Title-magoo Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol 1962 Quincy Magoo
(voiced by Jim Backus)
Abe Levitow
No Screenshot Carol for Another Christmas 1964 Sterling Hayden
(as Daniel Grudge)
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
No Screenshot Mr. Scrooge 1964 Cyril Ritchard Bob Jarvis
No Screenshot Carry on Christmas 1969 Sid James Ronnie Baxter
NVE00006 Famous Classic Tales: A Christmas Carol 1969 Ron Haddrick Zoran Janjic
Christmas carol 1971 A Christmas Carol 1971 Alistair Sim Richard Williams
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1977 Michael Hordern Moira Armstrong
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1978 Warren Graves John Blanchard
Stingiest Man in Town 1978 The Stingiest Man in Town 1978 Walter Matthau Jules Bass
Arthur Rankin Jr.
Rich little christmas carol Rich Little's Christmas Carol 1978 Rich Little
(as W. C. Fields, as Ebenezer Scrooge)
Trevor Evans
Title-specialssxmas A Special Sesame Street Christmas 1978 Oscar the Grouch
(voiced by Carroll Spinney)
Russ Petranto
American christmas carol An American Christmas Carol 1979 Henry Winkler
(as Benedict Slade)
Eric Till
Title-bugsbunnycarol Bugs Bunny's Christmas Carol
(part of Bugs Bunny's Looney Christmas Tales)
1979 Yosemite Sam
(voiced by Mel Blanc)
Friz Freleng
No Screenshot Skinflint: A Country Christmas Carol 1979 Hoyt Axton
(as Cyrus Flint)
No Screenshot A Christmas Carol 1981 William Paterson Laird Williamson
Christmas carol 1982 A Christmas Carol 1982 Richard Hilger unknown
Gospel According to Scrooge The Gospel According to Scrooge 1983 Robert Buchanan Mark S. Vegh
No Screenshot Scrooge's Rock 'N' Roll Christmas 1984 Jack Elam unknown
Christmas carol 1984 A Christmas Carol 1984 George C. Scott Clive Donner
No Screenshot Christmas Carol II the Sequel 1985 James Whitmore unknown
No Screenshot John Grin's Christmas 1986 Robert Guillaume
(as John Grin)
Robert Guillaume
Title-BlackaddersXmasCarol Blackadder's Christmas Carol 1988 Rowan Atkinson
(as Ebenezer Blackadder)
Richard Boden
No Screenshot Scrooge: A Christmas Sarah 1990 Sarah Greene
(as Sarah Scrooge)
Peter Leslie
Brer rabbit christmas carol Brer Rabbit's Christmas Carol 1992 Brer Rabbit Al Guest
Title-flintstonechristmascarol A Flintstones' Christmas Carol 1994 Fred Flintstone
(voiced by Henry Corden, as Ebonezer Scrooge)
Joanna Romersa
Christmas carol 1994 A Christmas Carol 1994 unknown Toshiyuki Hiruma Takashi
Ebbie Ebbie 1995 Susan Lucci
(as Elizabeth "Ebbie" Scrooge)
George Kaczender
Ebenezer 1997 Ebenezer 1998 Jack Palance Ken Jubenvill
Ms scrooge Ms. Scrooge 1997 Cicely Tyson
(as Ebenita Scrooge)
John Korty
Title-XmasCarol1999 A Christmas Carol 1999 Patrick Stewart David Hugh Jones
Maxines christmas carol Maxine's Christmas Carol 2000 Jacques (as Ear-a-Corn and one of the elves) Jennifer Combs
Divas christmas carol A Diva's Christmas Carol 2000 Vanessa Williams
(as Ebony Scrooge)
Richard Schenkman
Christmas carol 2000 A Christmas Carol 2000 Ross Kemp
(as Eddie Scrooge)
Catherine Morshead
Scrooge and marley Scrooge and Marley 2001 Dean Jones Fred Holmes
Carol christmas A Carol Christmas 2003 Tori Spelling
(as Carol Cartman)
Matthew Irmas
Christmas Carol The Musical A Christmas Carol: The Musical 2004 Kelsey Grammer Arthur Allan Seidelman
Title-ChasingChristmas Chasing Christmas 2005 Tom Arnold
(as Jack Cameron)
Ron Oliver
Christmas carol 2006 A Christmas Carol: Scrooge's Ghostly Tale 2006 unknown unknown
No Screenshot The Carol Project 2006 Bill Bourne Tim Folkmann

Television episodes

Jetsons A Jetson Christmas Carol 1985 Mr. Spacely
(voiced by Mel Blanc)
Title-MerryChristmasMrCarroll Alvin and the Chipmunks: "Merry Christmas, Mr. Carroll" 1989 Alvin
(voiced by Ross Badgasarian Jr.)
No Screenshot Camp Candy: "Christmas in July" 1989 Vanessa
(voiced by Willow Johnson)
Scott Shaw
No Screenshot Back to the Future: "Dickens of a Christmas" 1991 Ebiffneezer Tannen
(voiced by Thomas Wilson)
Rick Cunningham
John Loy
John Ludin
Christmas plotz Animaniacs: "A Christmas Plotz" 1993 Thaddeus Plotz
(voiced by Frank Welker)
Rusty Mills
Huh huh humbug Beavis and Butt-head Do Christmas 1994 Beavis
(voiced by Mike Judge)
Mike Judge
Solstice carol Xena: Warrior Princess: "A Solstice Carol" 1996 Peter Vere-Jones
(as King Silvas)
John T. Kretchmer
AChristmasCruella 101 Dalmatians: "A Christmas Cruella" 1997 Cruella De Vil
(voiced by April Winchell)
VeggieTales: "Christmas MORN!" 2004 Mr. Lunt (as the selfish King and the Star)
Lostclaus-titlecard Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends: "A Lost Claus" 2005 Mr. Herriman
(voiced by Tom Kane)
Craig McCracken
Lauren Faust
AChristmasMikey Kappa Mikey: "A Christmas Mikey" 2006 Ozu
(voiced by Steven Moverly)
ReplacementsXmasTitle The Replacements: "Dick Daring's All-Star Holiday Stunt Spectacular V" 2008 Todd Daring
(as Ebenezer Daring)
Heather Martinez
Doras Christmas Carol Adventure Dora the Explorer: Dora's Christmas Carol Adventure 2009 Swiper the Fox (voiced by Marc Weiner) George S. Chialtas
No Screenshot The Suite Life on Deck: "A London Carol" 2010 London Tipton
(played by Brenda Song)
Danny Kallis
A Christmas Carol (Doctor Who) Doctor Who: "A Christmas Carol" 2010 Kazran Sardick (played by Michael Gambon) Toby Haynes
Instantánea 1 (19-12-2012 19-50) The High Fructose Adventure of Annoying Orange: "Orange Carol" 2012 Orange
(voiced by Dane Boedigheimer)
Conrad Vernon
Daffy and Foghorn The Looney Tunes Show: "A Christmas Carol" 2012 N/A Seth Kearsley
Spike Brandt
Tony Cervone
No Screenshot La CQ: "Christmas in the CQ" 2012 Adri
No Screenshot The Thundermans: "Winter Thunderland" 2014 Max Thunderman
(played by Jack Griffo)
No Screenshot Thomas and Friends: Diesel's Ghostly Christmas 2015 Diesel

Direct-to-video films

Christmas carol 1997 A Christmas Carol 1997 Tim Curry Stan Phillips
AllDogsXmasCarol An All Dogs Christmas Carol 1998 Carface Carruthers
(voiced by Ernest Borgnine)
Paul Sabella
Title-sesamexmascarol A Sesame Street Christmas Carol 2006 Oscar the Grouch
(voiced by Carroll Spinney)
BahHumduckTitle Bah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes Christmas 2006 Daffy Duck
(voiced by Joe Alaskey)
Charles Visser
DennisTheMenaceXmas-Title A Dennis the Menace Christmas 2007 George Wilson
(played by Robert Wagner)
Ron Oliver
No Screenshot The Nutcracker: A Christmas Story 2007 Marc Wenke unknown Barbie in A Christmas Carol 2008 Eden Starling William Lau
No Screenshot Mister Scrooge to See You! 2013 David Ruprecht


  • Fred Guida, A Christmas Carol and Its Adaptations: Dickens's Story on Screen and Television, McFarland & Company, 2000. ISBN 0-786-40738-7.
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