Elf poster

The poster for the film's theatrical release.

This holiday, discover your inner elf.

— The film's tagline

Elf is an American Christmas comedy film, directed by Jon Favreau, and starring Will Ferrell and James Caan. It was released in the United States on November 7, 2003 and grossed over $220,400,000 worldwide.



This film is told in a storybook. In the prologue, Papa Elf greets the audience with a mention of three jobs to elfkind, making shoes for a cobbler (which is tiresome), baking cookies in a tree (resulting in a Meanfire), and most of all, building toys in Santa's Workshop. On Papa's description, the story begins.

On Christmas Eve in 1972, while Santa Claus is delivering toys to an orphanage, a baby named William crawls into Santa's sack of toys after being captivated by the sight of a teddy bear and is unwittingly taken back to the North Pole, where he is renamed Buddy because he is wearing "Little Buddy Diapers". Over the next three decades, Papa raises Buddy as an elf worker, but his enormous size and poor toy-making abilities prove to be a hassle to the other elves. After Buddy overhears two elves discussing him being a human, he goes to Papa for the truth. He tells Buddy that he was born to Walter Hobbs and Susan Wells, but Walter never knew that he was born as he was given up for adoption. He also reveals that Susan later died and that Walter now works at a children's book company in New York City. Buddy learns about New York from a jolly snowman named Leon. Although Santa tells Buddy that Walter is on the naughty list because he was greedy and selfish, he sets out on a long journey to find his father anyway, grabbing a snow globe and making an ice boat.


Upon arriving in New York City, Buddy displays his ignorance in several ways:

  • he runs into a guy who looked like Santa,
  • crosses the street at the wrong time,
  • chews discarded gum on a subway station's handrails (despite Santa earlier telling him not to do so),
  • and takes a derelict coffee shop's claim to have the "world's best cup of coffee" literally.

Eventually, he finds his father in the Empire State Building and Walter initially lets Buddy into his office, thinking he is a Christmas-gram. But when Buddy says that he is his son and mentions Susan Wells, an incredulous Walter has security eject him from the building and they sarcastically tell Buddy to "get back to Gimbel's". He does so and the manager mistakes him for an employee at the store's Santa Land, where he meets the lovely, but unenthusiastic, Jovie. After hearing that Santa will be arriving the next morning, Buddy stays after-hours and redecorates the Santa Land using expensive merchandise from around the store and also buys Walter a sensual nightie because it is advertised as being "for that special someone".

The morning comes and, despite the redecorated Santa Land proving to be a hit with families, Buddy is appalled that the department store Santa is not the genuine article. After Buddy rips off the man's fake beard to expose him as an impostor in front of the children (thus unintentionally breaking their spirits), a brawl breaks out between the two that causes much destruction to the Santa Land as the manager arrived (much to his horror). Buddy (and presumably, the man in the Santa suit) is then arrested, sentenced to 24 hours in jail, and given a restraining order, which effectively bans him from entering the store. After hearing about Buddy's imprisonment, Walter reluctantly bails him out and takes him to the family's doctor for a DNA test, which confirms that Buddy is in fact Walter's biological son.

The doctor falsely deduces that Buddy's behavior may be because he was never fully nurtured at birth and is returning to a position of child-like dependency, and convinces Walter to take Buddy home to meet his stepmother Emily and half-brother Michael. Despite Emily being overjoyed that Walter has another son, both Walter and Michael are put off by Buddy's immature behavior (such as slathering his spaghetti in M&M's and maple syrup, and not understanding that neither of them are interested in playing with him), but Emily insists that Buddy stay with them until he "recovers".


The next day, Walter is berated by his boss Fulton Greenway for publishing The Puppy and the Pigeon with two pages missing as Walter believed a reprint would be too expensive. He also learns that the company is in financial trouble not only because the book is incomplete, but that the book as a whole sucks. To Walter's chagrin, Greenway schedules a book pitch for Christmas Eve, and Walter's associates Eugene & Morris suggest they hire temperamental best-selling writer Miles Finch to help them with the pitch. Meanwhile, Buddy befriends Michael after helping him defeat a gang of bullies in a snowball fight and Michael encourages him to ask Jovie out.

The next day, Walter reluctantly takes Buddy to work with him after being encouraged by Emily and sends him down to the mail room so he will not cause any trouble. Unfortunately, he accidentally becomes drunk after mistaking a co-worker's whiskey for syrup and throws an outrageous dance party that interrupts a phone conversation between Walter, his associates, and Finch. On Christmas Eve, Buddy goes on his date with Jovie and wins her over with his child-like enthusiasm.

Finch eventually arrives at the office and attempts to pitch a book idea to Walter and his associates, until Buddy bursts into the conference room to tell his father about his newfound love. Buddy then notices Finch and mistakes him for an elf due to his dwarfism. Finch tries to hold his temper as Buddy asks him questions about how managed to leave the North Pole, until he finally loses it and pummels Buddy in a fight after the latter calls him an "angry elf". Despite Walter attempting to explain Buddy's mistake, an angry and insulted Finch refuses to sign a deal with the company and storms off. Furious that his chance of saving the company has been ruined as well as being at the end of his rope with Buddy's behaviour, Walter harshly disowns Buddy by telling him that he does not care that he is an elf, that he is nuts, or that he is his son and screams "GET OUT OF MY LIFE NOW!!!!". Deeply saddened, Buddy leaves the conference room, and Walter's associates give him disapproving looks for his outburst.

Buddy returns home and writes a message on an etch-a-sketch apologizing for ruining his father's life as well as "cramming eleven cookies into the VCR" before running away. Back at the office, Walter feels extremely guilty for upsetting Buddy and has given up hope on saving his job until Eugene and Morris reveal that they found a notebook Finch left behind in the conference room. Discovering it is filled with pitches for children's literature, Walter tells them to prepare a storyboard in time for Greenway's arrival.


Meanwhile, Michael sees Buddy's message and bursts in on Walter's meeting with Greenway to frantically tell him that Buddy is gone. After being convinced to put his family above his job for the first time, Walter asks Greenway to reschedule. Greenway refuses and threatens to fire Walter if he doesn't finish the book pitch, but Walter leaves anyway after telling him "up yours." True to his word, Greenway fires Walter.

While walking through the streets, Buddy sees Santa's sleigh crash into Central Park, which attracts a large crowd (as well as television reporters and the Central Park Rangers). He finds Santa, who explains that he lost the sleigh's engine and that the last bit of Christmas spirit on the Claus-o-meter (which had powered the sleigh previously) is gone. He convinces Buddy to help him fix the sleigh. Walter and Michael find Buddy in Central Park as he locates the sleigh's engine. Walter apologizes to Buddy for yelling at him and saying he did not mean it and Buddy forgives him. He then takes them to meet Santa, who reveals to Michael that belief in him (manifested in knowing that he is bringing people what they want for Christmas) can make his sleigh fly. Therefore, Michael steals his list and reads it in front of the television cameras now gathered outside the park, so that people all over New York City believe conclusively in him. The Central Park Rangers begin to chase his sleigh while Buddy is still trying to reattach the engine and it is at one point lost.

However, Jovie, who saw the events on television and was among the crowd, remembers what Buddy told her earlier about how singing is the best way to spread Christmas cheer. Jovie manages to overcome her shyness and leads the crowd into singing "Santa Claus is Coming to Town," which restores power to the sleigh. However, it isn't enough to make it fly and this is because Walter was caught by Michael mouthing the words. Walter is convinced to start singing, which fully powers the sleigh and the crowd watches in amazement as it takes to the sky.

By next Christmas, Walter has started his own publishing company with its first book released - Elf, an account of Buddy's adventures. Buddy and Jovie get married and have a daughter named Susie, named after his biological mother. The film ends with the two visiting Papa Elf at the North Pole, which dissolves into a illustration. Leon the Snowman closes the storybook after "THE END" shows up on the next page, winks at the audience, and the screen irises out.



"Pennies From Heaven"
Louis Prima
"Sleigh Ride"
Ferrente and Teicher
"Santa Claus Party"
Les Baxter
"Santa Baby"
Eartha Kitt
"The Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a"
The Brain Setzer Orcestra
"Baby, It's Cold Outside"
Will Ferrell, Leon Redbone
Zoey Deschanel
"Sleigh Ride"
Ella Fitzgerald
The Frank DeVol Orchestra
"Jingle Bell Rock"
Wayne Newton
"What Christmas Means to Me"
Stevie Wonder
"Christmas Island"
L. Redbone
"Nothing from Nothing"
Billy Preston
"Christmas Stylee"
Johnnie Osbourne
"Whoomp! There It Is"
Tag Team
"You Make Me Feel So Young"
Frank Sinatra
"Santa Claus is Comin' to Town"
Zooey Deschanel,
Mary Steenburgen,
Daniel Tay, James Caan
and Chorus
"Winter Wonderland"
Ray Charles
"Baby, It's Cold Outside"
L. Redbone
Z. Deschanel
"Pop! Goes the Weasel" (uncredited)
"Auld Lang Syne" (uncredited)
James Can (piano)
Z. Deschanel (vocals)

Original Motion Picture Soundtrack

The soundtrack was released in November 2003 in the United States and in October 2005 in the United Kingdom. The track listing is as follows:

  1. "Pennies from Heaven" - Louis Prima
  2. "Sleigh Ride" - Ella Fitzgerald and the Frank De Vol Orchestra
  3. "Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow" - Lena Horne
  4. "Sleigh Ride / Santa Claus Party" - Ferrante and Teicher / Les Baxter
  5. "Baby, It's Cold Outside" - Leon Redbone / Zooey Deschanel
  6. "Jingle Bells" - Jim Reeves
  7. "The Nutcracker Suite" - Brian Setzer
  8. "Christmas Island" - Leon Redbone
  9. "Santa Baby" - Eartha Kitt / Henri René and His Orchestra
  10. "Winter Wonderland" - Leon Redbone
  11. "Santa Claus is Comin' to Town" - Eddy Arnold
  12. "Nothing from Nothing" - Billy Preston


  • A small store in Maine received a licensing fee from the producers after it was learned that they had owned the then-abandoned "Gimbel's" name.
  • Much of the filming takes place in New York City, with the exception of the exterior scenes for Gimbel's, which were done in Vancouver.
  • Director Jon Favreau makes a cameo appearance in the film as the Hobbs' family doctor.
  • Jim Carrey was originally cast to portray Buddy, but he passed on it, giving Ferrell his Hollywood breakthrough role after originally starring on Saturday Night Live.
  • Ed Asner previously portrayed Santa in The Story of Santa Claus and Olive, the Other Reindeer.
  • The designs for Santa's workshop and the elf uniforms come from Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer. Additionally, the character of Leon the Snowman is an obvious parody of Sam the Snowman.


The film was released on VHS and DVD on November 16, 2004 and on Blu-ray on October 28, 2008. It was also made available as a Universal Media Disc for the PSP in 2005. A Collector's Edition DVD and Blu-ray was released on October 26, 2010. A 10th Anniversary Edition DVD / Blu-ray combo pack was released on November 5, 2013.

In addition to the film's own individual releases, the DVD was also included in Warner Home Video's Christmas Comedy Collection box set, alongside A Christmas Story and National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation, in 2007. Two years later, it was then packaged in the Holiday Comedy Collection, along with Christmas Vacation and Fred Claus. The Blu-ray was also released as part of the Essential Holiday Collection Blu-ray set, which also included the Blu-rays of A Christmas Story, Christmas Vacation, and The Polar Express.


On November 14, 2010, a stage musical version of the film opened on Broadway at the Al Hirschfeld Theatre. It was directed by Casey Nicholaw, with music by Matthew Sklar, lyrics by Chad Beguelin, and a book by Bob Martin and Thomas Meehan. The cast included Sebastian Arcelus as Buddy, Amy Spanger as Jovie, Beth Leavel as Emily, Mark Jacoby as Walter, Matthew Gumley as Michael, Valerie Wright as Deb, Michael McCormick as Mr. Greenway, Michael Mandell as the store manager, and George Wendt as Santa. It ran through to January 2, 2011.

A stop-motion animated musical special, titled Elf: Buddy's Musical Christmas and starring Jim Parsons as Buddy, premiered on NBC on December 16, 2014.


Main Cast
Will Ferrell Buddy James Caan Walter Hobbs
Bob Newhart Papa Elf Ed Asner Santa Claus
Mary Steenburgen Emily Hobbs Zooey Deschanel Jovie
Daniel Tay Michael Hobbs Faizon Love Gimbel's Manager
Peter Dinklage Miles Finch Amy Sedaris Deb
Michael Lerner Fulton Greenway Andy Richter Morris
Kyle Gass Eugene Artie Lange Gimbel's Santa
Leon Redbone (voice) Leon the Snowman Ray Harryhausen (voice) Polar Bear Cub
Claire Lautier NY1 Reporter Ted Friend NY1 Anchor
Patrick Ferrell
Patrick McCartney
Security Guards Jon Favreau Doctor
Lydia Lawson-Baird Carolyn Brenda MacDonald Nun
Annie Brebner
Luke Pohl
Elf Students Meghan Black
Patrick Baynham
Michael Roberds Disgruntled Cobbler Elf Peter A. Hulne
Patrick Hulne
Elf Twins
Richard Side Elf Teacher David Paul Grove Pom Pom
Kristian Ayre Foom Foom Lorin Heath Perfume Clerk
Dillard Brinson Printer Brad Turner
David Berenbaum
Brenda Crichlow
Office Co-Workers
Oscar Goncalves Francisco Mary Black Nurse
Murray Jack Man in Elevator Mark Acheson Mailroom Guy
Robin Mossley Chuck Paul Schofield Kid with Santa
Matt Walsh Will McCormack
Gus Michael
Alexandra Michael Child Terry Scarlatos Police Officer
Jonathan Bruce Biker Akeem Smith
Michael Fischetti
School Kids
Jane Bradbury Susan Wells
Peter Billingsley Ming Ming Craig Castaldo Radioman
Natasha Denis Gimbels Elf Graeme Duffy Orange Elf
Maurice LaMarche Buddy's Belch Rachel Lana Li Child
Dal McKennon Jack in the Box - Laugh (archive sound) Nance Nickels Extra in crowd
Albert Precourt Passerby Reginald Rowley Santa's Elf
Jamie Vergan Ice skater

External links

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed
content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Warner Bros.
Warner Bros. Pictures Christmas in ConnecticutGremlinsNational Lampoon's Christmas VacationJack FrostNational Lampoon's Christmas Vacation 2: Cousin Eddie's Island AdventureThe Year Without a Santa ClausFred ClausA Christmas Story 2
New Line Cinema ElfThe Nativity StoryFour ChristmasesA Very Harold & Kumar 3D Christmas
Live-action television episodes
Friends and Joey "The One With Phoebe's Dad" • "The One Where Rachel Quits" • "The One With the Girl from Poughkeepsie" • "The One With the Inappropriate Sister" • "The One With the Routine" • "The One With the Holiday Armadillo" • "The One With the Creepy Holiday Card" • "The One With Christmas in Tulsa" • "Joey and the Plot Twist" • "Joey and the Christmas Party"
DC Comics "Season's Greedings" • "Home is Where the Hurt Is" • "Twas the Night Before Mxymas" • "Lexmas" • "Gemini" • "Year's End" • "Three Ghosts"
Other shows "A Semi-Merry Christmas" • "Mel, the Magi" • "Mel's Christmas Carol" • "'Tis the Season to Be Jealous" • "A Christmas Story" (Growing Pains) • "A Christmas Story" (Just the Ten of Us) • "Santa on the Lam" • "Miracle on Elm Street" • "The Christmas Show" • "Fa La La La Laagghh!" • "The Man Who Canceled Christmas" • "It Came Upon a Midnight Clear" • "Deck the Malls" • "Christmas Day-Ja Vu" • "A Country Christmas" • "How the Finch Stole Christmas" • "Meet the Cuban Parents" • "Christmas Punch" • "A Clear and Presentless Danger" • "George Is Being Elfish and Christ-Misses His Family" • "Santa's Secret Stuff" • "A Very Supernatural Christmas" • "The Bath Item Gift Hypothesis" • "Christmas" (The Middle) • "It's Beginning to Stink a Lot Like Christmas" • "The Maternal Congruence" • "Jolly Red Elf" • "The World Ain't Over 'Till It's Over" • "The Santa Simulation" • "Give Santa a Tail-Hole" • "Home for Christmas"
Animated productions
Looney Tunes and related shows The Shanty Where Santy Claus LivesBedtime for SnifflesGift WrappedBugs Bunny's Looney Christmas Tales • "It's a Wonderful Tiny Toons Christmas Special" • "'Twas the Day Before Christmas" • "Jingle Boo" • "The Great Wakkorotti: The Holiday Concert" • "A Christmas Plotz" • "Little Drummer Warners" • "No Time for Christmas" • "A Pinky and the Brain Christmas" • "It Happened One Night Before Christmas" • "In Arms Way" • "The Twelve Days of Christmas" • Christmas Eve with Yakko, Wakko & Dot • "Noel" • "The Christmas Tree" • "The Banks of the Delaware River" • "Feather Christmas" • "Yule Be Sorry" • "Christmas in July" • Bah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes Christmas • "A Christmas Carol" • "Tis the Seasoning"
DC Comics "Christmas With the Joker" • "Holiday Knights" • "Frozen Out" • "Comfort and Joy" • "Storybook Holiday" • "Invasion of the Secret Santas!" • "Second Christmas" • "The True Meaning of Christmas" • "Teen Titans Save Christmas"
Hanna-Barbera co-productions "A Dickens of a Christmas" • A Scooby-Doo! Christmas • "Ho Ho Horrors" • Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker TaleScooby-Doo! Haunted HolidaysTom and Jerry: Santa's Little Helpers • "The Plight Before Christmas" • "Scary Christmas" • "Scroogey Doo" • "It's a Wacky Life" • "Dashing Thru the Snow"
Other cartoons "Yuletide and Redtide" • "The Match Before Xmas" • The Polar ExpressA Miser Brothers' Christmas • "Da Grinchy Code / Duck" • "FROST / Undercover Claus" • "Fantastic Four Christmases / Red and White Collar" • Elf: Buddy's Musical Christmas • "Top of the Naughty List"
Have Yourself a Looney Tunes ChristmasA Hip-Hopera ChristmasMerry Christmas: Animaniacs & Looney TunesThe Looney Tunes Kwazy ChristmasA Looney Tunes Sing-A-Long Christmas