Jack Frost is a sprite-like character with roots in Viking lore, where he is known as Jokul Frosti ("icicle frost"). In Britain and the United States, he is a variant of Old Man Winter and is held responsible for frosty weather, for nipping the nose and toes in such weather, coloring the foliage in autumn, and leaving fernlike patterns on cold windows in winter. He sometimes appears in literature, film, television, song, and video games as a sinister mischief maker.

Appearances in Christmas specials


Rankin/Bass had two different depictions of Jack Frost in their animated specials; one was introduced in Frosty's Winter Wonderland, and the other was featured in his own self-titled special, Jack Frost.


Jack meets Frosty in Frosty's Winter Wonderland.


Jack returns to revive Frosty's family in Rudolph and Frosty's Christmas in July.

In Frosty's Winter Wonderland, Jack was a mischievous sprite who was jealous of Frosty because he didn't get the attention he wanted like Frosty does, though Frosty bares no ill will towards him. Jack twice tries to get rid of Frosty by stealing his magic hat. After this fails, he then tries to ruin Frosty and Crystal's wedding, but then has a change of heart when he is asked to be their best man. This version of him was later seen again, this time in stop-motion animation, at the end of Rudolph and Frosty's Christmas in July; here, Big Ben brings him in from South America to revive Frosty, Crystal, Chilly and Milly after they are melted by the July heat.

In Jack Frost, he is an invisible sprite that nobody can see or hear. One girl named Elisa claims she loves him, causing Jack to fall for her. After Jack works his magic to save Elisa from going a waterfall, she exclaims, "Jack Frost, not only are you a magician-- you're a hero!" Jack decides he'd like to become human. When he asks Father Winter to grant his wish, Father Winter tells him that he can become human permanently if he acquires the following: a house, horse, bags of gold, and a wife. As a human in January Junction, Jack adopts the last name "Snip" (inspired by his friend, the snowflake maker) and stays with Elisa and her family, running a tailor shop out of their home. He is later joined by his friends, Snip and Holly, who Father Winter has sent down to keep an eye on him. Later on, Jack defeats the village's evil Cossack king, Kubla Kraus, and is able to take Kubla's castle, a robotic horse, and bags of gold for himself. Unfortunately, just as he goes to ask for Elisa's hand in marriage, he learns that he's too late-- Elisa is just about to marry Sir Ravenal. Jack is heartbroken, but knows life must go on: he returns home to his friends in the Kingdom of the Winter Clouds, who are delighted to see him back.

Some fans argue that the two versions of the character may actually be the same, as they share the same outfit and vary only slightly in appearance. In recent years, another fan theory has surfaced that the character went on to become the Snow Miser from The Year Without A Santa Claus.


The Santa Clause 3 The Escape Clause Jack Frost Wallpaper

Under Disney, Jack Frost appeared as the antagonist of The Santa Clause 3, portrayed by Martin Short. In this film, he is jealous of the attention that Santa Claus receives and schemes to replace him. To do so, he manages to avoid severe punishment from the Council of Legendary Figures for his actions against Scott by suggesting he be put in community service and help out around the North Pole for an impending visit by Scott's in-laws. The Council agrees, but during his tenure, he sabotages the workshop, causing problems that could possibly delay Scott from making his annual journey. When he discovers the Hall of Snow Globes, and having learned of the Escape Clause, he steals Scott's, freezes Neil and Laura when they catch him, and threatens to do the same to their daughter Lucy if she rats him out to Scott, before locking her in a closet. After his sabotage ends up enraging Scott's in-laws, Frost consoles Scott, and gives him his snow globe as a gift, while also convincing Scott to invoke the Escape Clause by speaking the phrase to activate it. This sends Frost and Scott back 12 years to the night when Scott first invoked the Santa Clause and became Santa. Before the past Scott can come out and fulfill past events, Frost intentionally causes the previous Santa to fall off the roof, and when Scott tries to intervene, Frost knocks him out with a shovel, allowing him to reach the coat first and become the new Santa, creating an alternate timeline as a result.

When Scott confronts him over his actions, Frost taunts him by reminding him of having said the phrase that invoked the Escape Clause to begin with. However, with the support of that timeline's Lucy, Scott retrieves Frost's snow globe, interrupting one of Frost's performances, and when Frost catches the snow globe, he immediately realizes Scott's plan and tries to taunt him again over trying to get him to invoke the Escape Clause, but there was no need. Scott had recorded Frost saying the phrase earlier, and chooses that moment to play it back, to a horrified Frost's shock. The clause having been invoked once more, Frost screams in fury as he and Scott are whisked back in time once more to the night Scott originally became the new Santa. This time, Scott is able to hold down Frost long enough for his past self to come out and allow past events to play out as they were supposed to as the past Scott puts on the coat and thus becomes the new Santa, restoring the original timeline. Frost screams in anguish as his alternate timeline is erased from existence, and he and Scott find themselves back in the present, moments before Scott had been encouraged to invoke the Escape Clause originally. As Scott rushes to make amends with his in-laws, Frost is disappointed in his plan having failed so spectacularly.

Later, he's brought before Scott and the Council of Legendary Figures when his actions against Neil, Laura, and Lucy are exposed. Faced with his crimes, Scott demands that Frost thaw Neil and Laura, but Frost snidely refuses, saying that to thaw them would require him thawing as well, and he refuses to do so, leaving Scott to face facts of having Neil and Laura frozen permanently. As Frost thinks he's still won one over Scott with freezing Neil and Laura for eternity, Scott has Lucy approach Frost to give him one of her heart-warming hugs. Lucy's hug is so full of warmth that it begins to thaw Frost and his icy heart, causing him to assume a more normal-looking appearance, which he takes a positive liking to. His thawing frees Neil and Laura from their frozen states, and Frost joins everyone in a big group hug before Scott has to rush his wife to the hospital to give birth to Buddy Claus before making his annual journey.

DreamWorks Animation

Before Jack Frost became an immortal being who possessed the power over ice and snow, Jack was once a teenage human boy who had a family of his own 300 years before the current timeline. Like his current form, Jack was mischievous, liked to have fun and play tricks on his friends and his younger sister.When Jack and his sister got themselves in trouble while they were ice skating on thin ice, Jack made up a game of Hopscotch, and using his staff, Jack saved his sister from the cracking ice, at the cost of his own life. Jf Jack is reborn. The Man in the Moon, seeing Jack's selfless act of heroism and sacrifice, shines his light and transforms Jack into a Winter Spirit, of which Jack rises up from the frozen pond and he is reborn as Jack Frost. When Jack Frost was reborn he lost all memory of his previous life and immediately began his adventures of fun and mischief, discovering his powers. The Man in the Moon only ever told him his name, and he quickly discovers no one can see him when he enters a village and is walked through for the first time. The story continues with Jack causing mischief in St. Petersburg, Russia. Noticing it was a fun day, he calls the wind to take him back home, to Burgess. As he arrives at Burgess, he decides to give it a snow day. While Jack is having fun, he accidentally knocks a book out of the hands of a child named Jamie with his wind. Jack finds the book interesting and asks Jamie about it, but Jack knows that he can't be seen or heard by Jamie. Just then Jamie's friends, Caleb and Claude, rushed to Jamie and tells him about them having a snow day and Jamie asked them if they were going egg hunting on Sunday. Jack followed Jamie to his house listening to their conversation. When the boys bring the Easter Bunny in to the conversation Jack joined, saying that Bunnymund is real annoying and full of himself. When Jamie's mom comes out of the house to give Jamie his winter hat; she brings "Jack Frost" to the conversation by saying: "Careful! You don't want Jack Frost nipping at your nose!"

"Who's Jack Frost?" Jamie asked his mother.

Jamie's mom smiled. "No one, honey. It's just an expression".

Jack takes that offense and decides to have a little fun with Jamie, so Jack throws a magic snowball that hits Jamie in the back of his head causing a snowball fight between him and his friends. When Pippa accidentally hits Cupcake, and everyone gets afraid. Jack, wanting to continue with the fun, hits her with a snowball, changing her attitude from mad to happy in which starts a game of chasing. The ground was slippery causing Jamie to fall in his sled and skate to the street, so Jack makes an ice path around the street and helps Jamie return to the park where Jamie flies so high that he goes over the statue of Thaddeus Burgess and gets hit by a sofa. Jamie, excited, reveals that he lost a tooth causing the conversation to change to the Tooth Fairy. Jack tried to remind them about the fun they just had, but his beckoning turns to sadness when Jamie walks through him.

Jack is later spying on Jamie that night when he tells his family about the fun adventure he had and the new drawing he made. He also tells them about the tooth and planning on seeing the Tooth Fairy. Jack then leaves and asks the Man in the Moon what can he do to be seen by someone as he has tried everything. Just then the Sandman's Dreamsand arrive.

Jack intercepts the Dreamsand causing it to change to the shape of a dolphin. Just then a shadow passes him. Jack, curious, follows it to an alley revealing to be Bunnymund. Bunnymund mentions they haven't seen each other since the Easter Sunday of 1968 (which Jack made a snowstorm occur). Jack asked Bunny if he was still mad about it, but just then by two Yetis grab him, shove him into a sack, and throw him through a magic portal transporting him to the North Pole.

Globe of Belief (1) Jack is chosen as the next Guardian. At the North Pole, Jack meets up with the Guardians and they reveal that Jack was chosen by the Man in the Moon to become the next Guardian and that Pitch has returned. Jack turns down the offer as he doesn't want to be someone who's stuck somewhere, finding ways to bribe kids. Tooth tries to explain what they do and the joy they bring to kids, but Bunnymund thinks Jack doesn't know anything about bringing joy to children causing a fuss between him and Jack. North takes Jack away and explains to him about The Man in The Moon must have known that Jack has something special in him and North reveals his center, which is Wonder, through the use of a nesting doll of him. Jack, still confused, doesn't know what his center could be. Just then Bunnymund reveals there's trouble in Tooth's Palace and they have to make their way to help Tooth.

On their way there, it's revealed that Pitch has sent his Nightmares to catch all the fairies and collect the teeth of the children of the world. Jack saves Baby Tooth from one of the Nightmares before they arrive inside of the Palace to find a panicking Tooth. Pitch then confronted the Guardians and after a battle between then he escapes.

Jack, curious, asks why Pitch took the teeth and Tooth reveals that the teeth hold the greatest childhood memories, the reason why she collects the teeth. She also reveals that the Guardians were all somebody before they were chosen by the Man in the Moon, even Jack. Jack, surprised, asks her about his past life and about his family to which Tooth asks if he really doesn't remember anything and that she can't help him since Pitch has his tooth box.

North plans to collect the teeth to keep the children believing in Tooth. North asked Jack to help them collect the teeth and in return they would help him get his memories back and Jack agrees to help them. The Guardians go around the world collecting teeth and making a competition of it. When Tooth tells them they were as fast at collecting teeth and leaving gift as her fairies, the guys realize that they forgot to leave a gift and have to travel back around the world to leave the gifts.

The Guardians all gather in Jamie's room but caused an uproar that caused Jamie and his dog, Abby, to wake up and see them (except Jack). Abby starts growling at Bunnymund and Jamie tries to stop her. Jack wanting to have fun with Bunnymund, makes the alarm go off, causing Abby to attack Bunnymund and make him jump around the room. Sandy, trying to put Abby to sleep with his Dreamsand, ends up hitting everyone except Jack, Jamie and himself. Jamie flies out of bed when North lands on it and Sandy catches him. Sandman puts Jamie to sleep and then goes to fight Pitch's Nightmares that have appeared with the help of Jack.

Jack is confronted by Pitch until Sandman joined him and slammed Pitch against a few building, with Jack commenting on not getting on the Sandman's bad side. Pitch pretends to be afraid of the two until he reveals his Nightmares. The other Guardians soon join in, but they are still suffering the effects of the Sandman's Dreamsand and are half asleep. Soon Jack and Sandy are in the sky battling the Nightmares, but the Sandman is surrounded and soon Pitch attacks him, turning him into more nightmare sand. Jack, seeing what happened rushed towards Pitch, who attacks him with a wave of nightmare sand. Jack used a powerful wave of ice which destroys the nightmares, but he started to fall from the sky until he was rescued by Tooth.

Back at the North Pole, the Guardians make a memorial for the Sandman. The Guardians decide to work hard for Easter so they could keep the children's belief in the Guardians. When Bunnymund transport them back to his Warren they find Jamie's sister, Sophie, has used one of North's snow globes to be transported to the Warren. Jack used his special skills to make Bunnymund more relax and to open up to fun, so he could play with Sophie. After the eggs were ready, Sophie fell asleep and Jack decides to bring her home. After Jack was able to put her on her bed, Jack heard a voice calling him. The voice led him to Pitch's lair where he found the kidnapped fairies and was confronted by the Nightmare King himself. Jack is distracted by Pitch. Pitch tempted Jack with his memories and taunted him with his fears of not being believed in, keeping Jack distracted long enough for his Nightmares to destroy Easter. Once this was complete, Pitch finally gave Jack his Tooth Box before disappearing. Jack then suddenly remembered that he forgot Baby Tooth, as well as finding himself standing in one of Bunny's tunnels, seeing before him that all the eggs they had worked on had been destroyed. Jack saw the children stop believing in Bunnymund and found the Guardians disappointed. They told him that the Nightmares attack the Warren and the eggs didn't survive the confrontation. When Tooth asked about Baby Tooth and where he get the Tooth Box, Jack couldn't answer and ended up losing the Guardians' trust in him.

Jack made his way to Antarctica so he couldn't mess up again, but was confronted by Pitch, who wanted to recruit him. When Jack refused, Pitch revealed he had Baby Tooth and told him he will give her back if he gave him his staff. Jack agreed, but Pitch tricked him. Baby Tooth pecked Pitch's thumb, making him threw her away while he broke Jack's staff afterward. Pitch attacked Jack with nightmare sand which slammed him against an iceberg making him fall into a crevice. Jack found Baby Tooth and felt sad that he kept making mistakes. Soon after Jack's memories called him again, making him remember that he still has his Tooth Box. Baby Tooth taught Jack how to use the Tooth Box, which revealed Jack's human past. The flashbacks showed Jack some of the fun memories he did have with his sister and also showed him the moment when he saved her from the ice. These memories made Jack realize that he always has been a Guardian and gave him the courage to fix his mistake and save the Guardians and the children of Earth from Pitch. Jack was able to fix his staff and made his way back to Pitch's lair to rescue the fairies, but found out that they couldn't fly since there were only a few lights left. Jack noticed that the last light was Jamie and he made his way back to Burgess to recruit Jamie.

That night Jack rushed to Jamie's house to get him, since he's the last believer in the world, Jack finds him talking to his stuffed bunny asking him (Bunnymund) to give him a sign so he knows he's real. Jamie seems to start losing hope in the Guardians until Jack makes an egg with his ice powers in his window. Getting Jamie's attention, Jack makes a bunny and makes it come to life and jump around the room. Jamie gets excited and starts jumping in his bed until the bunny turns into snow, resulting in a snowflake to nip at his nose and for him to believe in Jack Frost. Jamie asked "Jack Frost?" which caused Jack to look at Jamie and wonder if Jamie believed it him.

Jamie and jack When Jamie revealed he can see and hear him, Jack gets excited about having his first believer. When they hear North's sleigh, both of them rush outside. Jamie reveals that he can see Jack and the other Guardians. Bunnymund thanks Jack for making Jamie keep his belief in him. When Pitch appears, Jack goes to fight him, causing the other Guardians to lead Jamie away. Pitch being more powerful than before beats Jack and makes him fall to the alley where the others were. Pitch traps the Guardians and Jamie, Jamie tells Jack that he's scared. Hearing that, Jack gets a memory of the same thing his sister once said causing Jack to realize what his center is: Fun. Pitch approaches them but was hit by a snowball by Jack. Distracted, they escaped and went to gather up Jamie's friends.

With the help from the other Guardians, Jamie's friends start to believe again. Pitch asks them who was going to protect the Guardians if the Guardians were protecting them. Jack reassured Jamie to not be scared since the Nightmares are just bad dreams and Jamie volunteered to protect the Guardians causing his friends to join him. Pitch then sends a wave of nightmare sand their way but once Jamie says, "I do believe in you. I'm just not afraid of you!" Jamie was able to turn the nightmare sand back into Dreamsand. Which helps the Guardians get their full energy back and battle Pitch. North used his snow globes to bring his Yetis to help out while Bunnymund opened tunnels to get his Warrior Eggs to also help in the battle against the Nightmares while the Guardians confronted Pitch. Jamie gets an idea on how to revive the Sandman and told his friends about it. As the battle with Pitch continued, the Nightmare King was cornered by the Guardians, but hid in the shadows and appeared behind a distracted Jack with scythe created out of nightmare sand, but before he could hurt him, the Sandman returns at the last second saving Jack from Pitch and uses his sand to give everyone good dreams and make more believers.

The Guardians and the children started celebrating and Jack hits Jamie with a snowball, which caused a friendly snowball fight. When Pitch woke up, he tried to make Jamie fear him again but found that Jamie was not scared of him anymore because he was able to pass through him.

Pitch, afraid, retreats to his lair which caused the Guardians to follow and confront him one last time. After Pitch was taken away by his own Nightmare creatures, the Guardian ceremony was performed again. Jack looked at Jamie which caused him to nod. Proud of himself and of Jamie, Jack says, "I will," making him an official Guardian. "Then congratulations, Jack Frost, for you are forevermore...a Guardian." North closed the book. The kids cheered wildly. The yetis and the eggs celebrated.

Amid all the celebrating, Jack noticed the Mini Fairies flitting about, swooning and fainting with joy. Caleb pointed to something huge in the sky and Monty identified it as Santa's sleigh. After everything they'd seen, the kids still couldn't believe their eyes at the sight of the sleigh.

"Everyone loves the sleigh," said Bunnymund, with North chuckling. Then North saw the sun rising higher in the sky. "Time to go," he told the Guardians.

Sandy threw Dreamsand up into the air. It floated down softly and landed on Jamie and his friends, who began to yawn and stretch.

"You're leaving?" Jamie asked drowsily. "But what if Pitch comes back? What if we stop believing again? If I can't see you..."

Jack knelt down to look Jamie in the eye. "Hey, slow down, slow down! Are you telling me that you stop believing in the moon when the sun comes out?"

"No," Jamie replied.

"Okay, well, do you stop believing in the sun when clouds block it out?"

"No," Jamie repeated. "We'll always be there, Jamie. And now" - he pointed at Jamie's heart - "we'll always be here." Jack smiled. "Which kinda makes you a Guardian too." Jamie was proud. Jack makes his way toward North's sleigh but he is stopped by Jamie calling his name. Jack turned around and is surprised by Jamie who gave him a hug, which shocks Jack, but he eventually returns the hug.

Jack smiled as he stepped into the sleigh with the other Guardians. Jamie waved good bye as the sleigh began to speed along the ground. He ran behind the sleigh until it lifted into the air, heading to the North Pole.

Jack was happy. Happy to have helped defeat Pitch and to finally know who he really was: a Guardian. He turned back to watch Jamie as the sleigh careened into the morning sky.

"My name is Jack Frost, and I'm a Guardian. How do I know that? Because the moon told me so. So If the moon tells you something... Believe it." He formed a snowflake in his hand and let it go.

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