Christmas Specials Wiki
Christmas Specials Wiki


Rudolph The Red Nosed Reindeer and The Island of Misfit Toys-Rudolph The Red Nosed Reindeer(English)

"Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" is a song based on the story of the same name, created by Robert L. May in 1939 as part of his employment with Montgomery Ward. It tells the tale of Rudolph, Santa Claus' ninth and lead reindeer, who possesses an unusually red-colored nose that gives off its own light (bioluminescence), powerful enough to illuminate the team's path through inclement winter weather.

The story is owned by The Rudolph Company, L.P. and has been sold in numerous forms including a popular song, a television special done in stop-motion puppetry, and a feature movie. Character Arts, LLC manages the licensing for the Rudolph Company, L.P.

Production information[]


Following the success of Robert L. May's original Rudolph story, created in 1939 for a giveaway storybook at Montgomery Ward, May's brother-in-law, Johnny Marks, decided to adapt his story into a song. Marks (1909–1985), who was Jewish, was a radio producer and wrote several popular Christmas songs. He was born in a New York City suburb and graduated from Colgate University in Hamilton, New York, before going off to Paris to study music. He had a heroic World War II combat record, winning the Bronze Star and four battle stars.

It was first sung commercially by crooner Harry Brannon on New York City radio in the latter part of 1948 before Gene Autry recorded it formally in 1949 and again in 1957. It has since filtered into the popular consciousness.

The lyric "All of the other reindeer" can be misheard in dialects with the cot-caught merger as the mondegreen "Olive the other reindeer" and has given rise to another character featured in a Christmas special of her own.


You know Dasher and Dancer and Prancer and Vixen,
Comet and Cupid and Donner and Blitzen,
But do you recall
The most famous reindeer of all?

Rudolph, the red-nosed reindeer
Had a very shiny nose
And if you ever saw it
You would even say it glows

All of the other reindeer
Used to laugh and call him names
They'd never let poor Rudolph
Join in any reindeer games

Then one foggy Christmas Eve
Santa came to say
"Rudolph, with your nose so bright,
Won't you guide my sleigh tonight?"

Then how the reindeer loved him
As they shouted out with glee,
"Rudolph, the red-nosed reindeer,
You'll go down in history!"

Appearances in Christmas specials[]

Simpsons singing Rudolph

The Simpsons sing the song at the end of "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire".

Album releases[]

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